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Compare/Contrast Vocabulary

The following academic language and sentence frames are associated with the language function of compare and contrast. Teachers should explicitly teach the following vocabulary and structures to English learners as they are practicing the language function of cause and effect in order for students to appropriate the use of the vocabulary and sentence structures in their own reading and writing.

Function
Vocabulary
Sample Sentence Frames
Compare
both
same
also
like
analogous to
similar
similary
alike
whereas
each
likewise
just as
in the same way
akin to
as well as 
on a similar note,
 

___ and ___ both have ___.

Both ___ and ___ are ___.

___ and ___ are the same because ___.

___ also has ___.

___ is like ___ because ___.

Similarly, ___ is ___. 

___ is similar to ___ in many ways because ___ and ___.

Whereas ___ is ___, ___ is ___ and ___. 

___ and ___ are alike because ___.

___ is just as difficult as ___ because ___.

Contrast

different

but

although

different from

however

one difference

on the other hand

in comparison

by comparison

instead of

in contrast to

conversely

even though

unlike

on the contrary

yet

despite

differ

variation

otherwise

___ is ___different than ___ because ___.

___ is ___, but ___ is ___.

Although ___ has ___, ___ has ___.

___ is ___. However, ___ is ___.

___ is ___. On the other hand, ___ is ___.

Even though ___ has ___, ___ has ___.

___ and ___ differ because ___.

___ is unlike ___ because ___.

___ has ___, yet ___ has ___.

___ is ___. On the contrary, ___ is ___.

Despite having ___, ___ is different because ___.

One variation between ___ and ___ is that ___ has ___.

 
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