ELD Strategies

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ELD Standards: Grades K-2

Listening/Speaking

ELD Levels
ELD Standards
Instructional Strategies
Beginning

Begin to speak a few words or sentences by using some English phonemes and rudimentary English grammatical forms (e.g., single words or phrases).

Answer simple questions with one to two word responses.

Respond to simple directions and questions by using physical actions and other means of nonverbal communication (e.g., matching objects, pointing to an answer, drawing pictures).

Independently use common social greetings and simple repetitive phrases (e.g., "Thank you", "You're welcome").

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Early Intermediate
Begin to be understood when speaking but may have some inconsistent use of standard English grammatical forms and sounds (e.g., plurals, simple past tense, pronouns such as he or she).

Ask and answer questions by using phrases or simple sentences.

Retell familiar stories and short conversations by using appropriate gestures.

Orally communicate basic needs (e.g., "May I get a drink?").

Recite familiar rhymes, songs, and simple stories.


Intermediate
Ask and answer instructional questions by using simple sentences.

Listen attentively to stories and information and identify important details and concepts by using both verbal and nonverbal responses.

Make oneself understood when speaking by using consistent standard English grammatical forms and sounds; however, some rules may not be followed (e.g., third-person singular, male and female pronouns).

Participate in social conversations with peers and adults on familiar topics by asking and answering questions and soliciting information.

Retell stories and talk about school-related activities by using expanded vocabulary, descriptive words, and paraphrasing.


Early Advanced
Listen attentively to stories and information and orally identify key details and concepts.

Retell stories in greater detail by including the characters, setting, and plot.

Make oneself understood when speaking by using consistent standard English grammatical forms, sounds, intonation, pitch and modulation but may make random errors.

Participate in and initiate more extended social conversations with peers and adults on unfamiliar topics by asking and answering questions and restating and soliciting information.

Recognize appropriate ways of speaking that vary according to the purpose, audience, and subject matter.

Ask and answer instructional questions with more extensive supporting elements (e.g., "Which part of the story was the most important?").


Advanced

Listen attentively to stories and information on new topics and identify both orally and in writing key details and concepts.

Demonstrate an understanding of idiomatic expressions (e.g., "Give me a hand") by responding to such expressions and using them appropriately.

Negotiate and initiate social conversations by questioning, restating, soliciting information, and paraphrasing the communication of others.

Consistently use appropriate ways of speaking and writing that vary according to the purpose, audience, and subject matter.

Narrate and paraphrase events in greater detail by using more extended vocabulary.

Speak clearly and comprehensibly by using standard English grammatical forms, sounds, intonation, pitch, and modulation.



ELD Standards for Grades K-2